The cellar in the garage is a wonderful structure that is useful to the owner, wherever the garage itself is located. Use it in a variety of qualities, and in this article we will tell you how to properly warm this underground structure.
At the first stage of insulation of the cellar, it is necessary to ensure its water resistance and effective ventilation. If the soil at the construction site is wet, then the walls of the cellar or the basement are better to be erected from monolithic concrete, if dry – from two layers of slate fastened with bitumen mastic. To increase the waterproofing properties, the structure, the elements located in the ground can be smeared with two layers of hot bitumen. The ventilation system can be made using two channels of asbestos pipes or a regular hatch with a built -in grille, on which old quilted jackets, blankets, etc. can be laid in the cold seasons.D.
The walls of the garage cellar can be insulated with polystyrene foam, the slabs of which the required size are fixed on the outer side of the walls. The use of this material is due to its resistance to decay and mold, high water resistance and durability. It is best to use the polystyrene of the PSB-S-25 brand with a thickness of 25 mm.
Sprinking is used for insulation of the reinforced concrete floor. The 35-40-centimeter layer of sawdust is compacted and rammed, 2-3 layers of roofing material are laid on top, after which they make a cement screed. After its hardening, it is waterproofed with bitumen and roofing material.
If the ceiling of the cellar, it is the floor of the garage, is a reinforced concrete structure, then the following is done. First, 150 mm below the garage floor level, pipes with a diameter of 25 mm at a distance of 600 mm from each other are mounted below, then a fencing mesh of reinforcing bars is installed, the diameter of which is 8-10 mm. The resulting design is painted with waterproof paint, and the gaps between the structure and the ceiling are filled with plastic bags, which are filled with natural moss or chopped straw. Packages should be sealed with an iron, and fit tightly and without gaps.